ERIC Number: EJ1178589
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Can Infant Temperament Be Used to Predict Which Toddlers Are Likely to Have Increased Emotional and Behavioral Problems?
Peterson, Elizabeth R.; Dando, Emma; D'Souza, Stephanie; Waldie, Karen E.; Carr, Angela E.; Mohal, Jatender; Morton, Susan M. B.
Early Education and Development, v29 n4 p435-449 2018
The 'terrible twos' are often associated with increased temper tantrums, noncompliance and aggression. Although some expression of these behaviors is normal, whether early individual factors can predict which children are most at risk of frequent or prolonged emotional and behavioral problems is of increasing interest. The current study of 6,067 toddlers found that their 9 month scores on a new brief measure of temperament--the Infant Behavior Questionnaire- Revised Very Short Form (IBQ-R-VSF)--were associated with both difficult behaviors and prosocial behaviors at age 2, measured using a preschool version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Controlling for a range of demographic, maternal characteristics and contextual factors, we found that infants higher on the trait Negative Emotionality and/ or lower on Orienting Capacity and Fear were more likely to develop hyperactivity, emotion, peer and conduct problems and less likely to demonstrate pro-social behaviors at two years of age. Temperament aged 9 months explained an additional 1-6 % of the variance in toddler behavior. These findings suggest that infant temperament is associated with the behavior strengths and difficulties of 2-year-olds and provide the first longitudinal validation of the new 5-factor structure of the new IBQ-R-VSF.
Descriptors: Infants, Personality Traits, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Questionnaires, Screening Tests, Aggression, Infant Behavior, Prediction, At Risk Persons, Scores, Prosocial Behavior, Mothers, Fear, Hyperactivity, Peer Relationship, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Factor Structure, Interviews, Mother Attitudes, Statistical Analysis, Foreign Countries, Parent Background, Educational Attainment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A