ERIC Number: EJ1178509
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Does Ethno-Cultural Betrayal in Trauma Affect Asian American/Pacific Islander College Students' Mental Health Outcomes? An Exploratory Study
Gómez, Jennifer M.
Journal of American College Health, v65 n6 p432-436 2017
Objectives: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health, with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma. Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental healthcare utilization. According to cultural betrayal trauma theory, societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students. Participants: Participants (N = 108) were AAPI college students from a predominantly white university. Data collection concluded in December 2015. Methods: Participants completed online self-report measures. Results: A multivariate analysis of variance revealed that when controlling for interracial trauma, ethno-cultural betrayal trauma significantly impacted dissociation, hallucinations, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and hypervigilance. Conclusions: The results have implications for incorporating identity, discrimination, and ethno-cultural betrayal trauma victimization into assessments and case conceptualizations in therapy.
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, Trauma, Mental Health, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Violence, Undergraduate Students, White Students, Institutional Characteristics, Minority Group Students, Sexual Abuse, Surveys, Victims of Crime, Test Reliability, Likert Scales, Measures (Individuals), Ethnic Groups, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oregon
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Sexual Experiences Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A