ERIC Number: EJ1178493
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Attitudinal and Behavioral Differences between Cigarette Users Who Do and Do Not Identify as "Smokers"
Berg, Michael B.; Lin, Linda; White, Madeleine; Alfonso-Barry, Jacqueline
Journal of American College Health, v65 n6 p372-379 2017
Objective: The current research aimed to understand differences in smoking-related identity among college students and to illustrate the distinct characteristics of nonidentified smokers (NIS). Participants: Students from 2 colleges in Massachusetts (N = 538; April 2016). Methods: Respondents reported by online survey whether or not they had smoked a cigarette in the past 30 days and if they self-identified as smokers. Nonsmokers (NIS) and identified smokers (IS) were then compared on their smoking attitudes and behavior. Results: NIS made up 12.5% of the sample and 64% of all tobacco users. NIS perceived themselves as less addicted and were more confident in their ability to quit smoking. They also were less likely to smoke alone, buy their own cigarettes, or have friends who smoked. Conclusions: College health officials can best motivate NIS to quit smoking by focusing on peer norms and the potential of long-term addiction.
Descriptors: Smoking, College Students, Student Surveys, Online Surveys, Identification (Psychology), Attitude Measures, Student Attitudes, Health Behavior, Addictive Behavior, Peer Influence, Likert Scales, Questionnaires, Student Characteristics, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A