ERIC Number: EJ1178456
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Competing Activation during Fantasy Text Comprehension
Creer, Sarah D.; Cook, Anne E.; O'Brien, Edward J.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v22 n4 p308-320 2018
During comprehension, readers' general world knowledge and contextual information compete for influence during integration and validation. Fantasy narratives, in which general world knowledge often conflicts with fantastical events, provide a setting to examine this competition. Experiment 1 showed that with sufficient elaboration, contextual information can dominate the integration and validation of fantastical information. In Experiments 2a and 2b, contextual support was diminished and general world knowledge dominated integration and validation and disrupted fantasy comprehension. Experiment 3 demonstrated that skilled readers make better use of contextual elaborations during integration and validation than less skilled readers, leading to different consequences for comprehension.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Fantasy, Knowledge Level, Prior Learning, Reading Processes, Undergraduate Students, Reading Rate, Reading Tests, Reading Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Hampshire
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Gates MacGinitie Reading Tests
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A