ERIC Number: EJ1178411
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Overt Attention in Contextual Cuing of Visual Search Is Driven by the Attentional Set, but Not by the Predictiveness of Distractors
Beesley, Tom; Hanafi, Gunadi; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Shanks, David R.; Livesey, Evan J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v44 n5 p707-721 May 2018
Two experiments examined biases in selective attention during contextual cuing of visual search. When participants were instructed to search for a target of a particular color, overt attention (as measured by the location of fixations) was biased strongly toward distractors presented in that same color. However, when participants searched for targets that could be presented in 1 of 2 possible colors, overt attention was not biased between the different distractors, regardless of whether these distractors predicted the location of the target (repeating) or did not (randomly arranged). These data suggest that selective attention in visual search is guided only by the demands of the target detection task (the attentional set) and not by the predictive validity of the distractor elements.
Descriptors: Attention, Cues, Bias, Visual Perception, Color, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, Associative Learning, Eye Movements, Reaction Time, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A