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ERIC Number: EJ1178389
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1072-0502
miR-132 Couples the Circadian Clock to Daily Rhythms of Neuronal Plasticity and Cognition
Aten, Sydney; Hansen, Katelin F.; Snider, Kaitlin; Wheaton, Kelin; Kalidindi, Anisha; Garcia, Ashley; Alzate-Correa, Diego; Hoyt, Kari R.; Obrietan, Karl
Learning & Memory, v25 n5 p214-229 May 2018
The microRNA miR-132 serves as a key regulator of a wide range of plasticity-associated processes in the central nervous system. Interestingly, miR-132 expression has also been shown to be under the control of the circadian timing system. This finding, coupled with work showing that miR-132 is expressed in the hippocampus, where it influences neuronal morphology and memory, led us to test the idea that daily rhythms in miR-132 within the forebrain modulate cognition as a function of circadian time. Here, we show that hippocampal miR-132 expression is gated by the time-of-day, with peak levels occurring during the circadian night. Further, in miR-132 knockout mice and in transgenic mice, where miR-132 is constitutively expressed under the control of the tetracycline regulator system, we found that time-of-day dependent memory recall (as assessed via novel object location and contextual fear conditioning paradigms) was suppressed. Given that miRNAs exert their functional effects via the suppression of target gene expression, we examined the effects that transgenic miR-132 manipulations have on MeCP2 and Sirt1--two miR-132 targets that are associated with neuronal plasticity and cognition. In mice where miR-132 was either knocked out, or transgenically expressed, rhythmic expression of MeCP2 and Sirt1 was suppressed. Taken together, these results raise the prospect that miR-132 serves as a key route through which the circadian timing system imparts a daily rhythm on cognitive capacity.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: MH103361; NS066345; NS091302; F31MH096460; 1354612