ERIC Number: EJ1177506
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Abstractor: As Provided
To Profit or Not to Profit: The Private Higher Education Sector in Brazil
Salto, Dante J.
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, v75 n5 p809-825 May 2018
Brazil has by far the largest higher education system in Latin America, with a sizable share of students enrolled in private-sector institutions. Its recently established and fast-growing for-profit sector is one of the largest worldwide. The for-profit sector already surpasses the public sector in student enrollment, and its role is growing. Public policy has supported for-profit growth, ostensibly for tax revenue reasons, but the federal government has recently launched social initiatives that include tax exemption policies for the for-profit sector in exchange for need-based scholarships. Through exploratory data analysis, this study explores the role, function, and form of the for-profit sector compared with its nonprofit and public counterparts. The findings reveal that the for-profit sector shares some important characteristics with the nonprofit sector but contrasts sharply with the public sector. The study concludes that countries such as Brazil are moving toward public funding for private higher education to meet enrollment targets. These findings may be able to address issues in other countries by considering similar public policies toward private higher education.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Private Colleges, Enrollment Trends, Proprietary Schools, Public Colleges, Public Sector, Private Sector, Financial Support, Educational Finance
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A