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ERIC Number: EJ1177410
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1927-2677
The Value Assimilation Effect between University Professors and Their Students in the Classroom
Emmanuel-Aviña, Glory; Delaney, Harold D.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, v7 n1 p158-185 2018
In the clinical, therapy context, it has consistently been found that while therapists' value systems are stable, clients' values are less stable and become congruent with their therapists' values over the course of psychotherapy (e.g., Schwehn & Schau, 1999). This phenomenon is termed the Value Assimilation Effect (VAE). This study examined if the VAE occurs in the university context between professors and students, that is if students' values assimilate to their professors. The current study tested three main hypotheses: 1) students demonstrate value change over time while professors' values remain relatively stable over time; 2) students' attributes influence value change; and 3) students assimilate to their professor's values. In a sample of 20 classrooms, 14 professors, and 414 students, it was found that students' values did change over time, both for values-bases classes and for non-values based classes. Students' attributes, specifically their initial commitment to values and religious commitment, were predictive of value change with those more committed to values reporting less value change over the semester. Students were found to assimilate their values to their professor's values. This was influenced by class type (values versus non-values based) and students' belief in their professor's ability to teach. Unexpectedly, professors' impact on students' religiosity was the most consistent and robust finding in this study. The magnitude and direction of change in students' values were influenced by their professor's level of religiosity. The benefits and concerns of value assimilation are also discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rokeach Value Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A