ERIC Number: EJ1177025
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effects of Goal Origin and Implementation Intentions on Goal Commitment, Effort, and Performance
Seo, Eunjin; Patall, Erika A.; Henderson, Marlone D.; Steingut, Rebecca R.
Journal of Experimental Education, v86 n3 p386-401 2018
Self-set goals, selected by students for themselves, have known motivational benefits leading to increased autonomy and intrinsic motivation. In spite of the motivational benefits, students often fail to accomplish self-set goals because they lack the social motivator ascribed to assigned goals. The purpose of this research was to investigate methods of increasing students' commitments to self-set goals using implementation intentions: plans for when, where, and how to work toward a goal. The results of two studies revealed that implementation intentions increased students' performance on self-set goals relative to assigned goals through enhanced goal commitment and effort. Our findings suggest that the positive effects of self-set goals are greater when they are coupled with implementation intentions.
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Student Motivation, Intention, Undergraduate Students, Performance, Statistical Analysis, Vignettes, Proofreading, Factor Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A