ERIC Number: EJ1176585
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Production of Mental State Intonation in the Speech of Toddlers and Their Caretakers
Armstrong, Meghan E.
Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, v25 n2 p119-149 2018
It is well known that mental state verbs are difficult to acquire, but little is known about the acquisition of mental state language encoded through intonation. Puerto Rican Spanish (PRS) has at least three intonation contours available for marking polar questions (PQs): ¡H*L% marks an utterance as a PQ; H+L*L%, in addition to doing the former, conveys that the speaker has a belief about the (p)roposition and L*HL% marks the utterance as a PQ in addition to marking the speaker's disbelief regarding p. A longitudinal study of two PRS-acquiring children (1;07-3;06) and their caretakers was carried out, analyzing 661 PQs from child speech and 4,574 from child-directed speech. Results show that while all three contours are used in child-directed speech, children almost categorically produce the contour that does not convey any specific mental state. Almost no tokens of the contour conveying that the speaker has a belief about a proposition were found in child speech (4/661 total PQs), and these only appeared after 2;08. No felicitous, nonimitative uses of the contour that conveys a speaker's disbelief were found in child speech. Like other mental state language, intonation conveying epistemic information appears to emerge relatively late in child production.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Development, Intonation, Speech, Toddlers, Caregivers, Verbs, Language Acquisition, Puerto Ricans, Spanish Speaking, Spanish, Longitudinal Studies, Child Language, Beliefs, Observation, Coding, Suprasegmentals, Acoustics, Instrumentation, Responses, Comprehension, Hypothesis Testing
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A