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ERIC Number: EJ1176537
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 40
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1814-9448
Effects of Explicit Instruction on Learning Academic Formulaic Sequences for EFL College Learners' Writing
Liou, Hsien-Chin; Chen, Wen-Feng
Taiwan Journal of TESOL, v15 n1 p61-100 2018
In this study, a quasi-experimental within-subject design was adopted to examine the intervention effects of teaching academic formulaic sequences (FS) for writing with one intact class consisting of 15 EFL third-year college students. Fifty target FSs were chosen from five recently compiled academic formulas lists (mostly derived through corpus research) based on frequency, semantic transparency, and localized pedagogical considerations. Measurements included (a) the pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest on target FSs; (b) pretest and posttest timed summary writing; (c) free production of taught FSs in an out-of-class book report and research report assignments at the end of the semester or several months later. Additionally, the participants' perceptions toward the explicit instruction were investigated through a questionnaire. The results indicated that 60% of the taught FSs appeared in the participants' writing, and the numbers of FSs used increased after explicit instruction. Both the learners' posttest FS test and writing performance were better than those in the pretest, maintaining the effects. The current study shed some light for integrating FSs instruction into a college EFL writing class. Pedagogical implications suggested that writing teachers may take target genre types in their course into consideration when choosing appropriate formulaic sequences. Future research can recruit more participants with different backgrounds and different proficiency levels.
National Chengchi University Department of English. 64 Sec 2 ZhiNan Road, Wenshan District, Taipei 11605, Taiwan, R.O.C. Tel: 886-2-2938-7248; Fax: 886-2-2939-0510; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A