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ERIC Number: EJ1176514
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
The Influence of Misarticulations on Children's Word Identification and Processing
Krueger, Breanna I.; Storkel, Holly L.; Minai, Utako
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v61 n4 p820-836 Apr 2018
Purpose: The purpose of the present studies was to determine how children's identification and processing of misarticulated words was influenced by substitution commonness. Method: Sixty-one typically developing preschoolers across 3 experiments heard accurate productions of words (e.g., "leaf"), words containing common substitutions (e.g., "weaf"), and words containing uncommon substitutions (e.g., "yeaf"). On each trial, preschoolers chose between a real object picture (e.g., a leaf) and a nonobject (e.g., an anomalous line drawing). Accuracy and processing were measured using MouseTracker and eye tracking. Results: Overall, children chose real objects significantly more when presented with accurate productions (e.g., "leaf") than misarticulated productions (e.g., "weaf" or "yeaf"). Within misarticulation conditions, children chose real objects significantly more when hearing common misarticulations (e.g., "weaf") than uncommon misarticulations (e.g., "yeaf"). Preschoolers identified words significantly faster and with greater certainty in accurate conditions than misarticulated conditions. Conclusions: The results of the present studies indicate that the commonness of substitutions influences children's identification of misarticulated words. Children hear common substitutions more frequently and therefore were supported in their identification of these words as real objects. The presence of substitutions, however, slowed reaction time when compared with accurate productions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 5T32DC00005217