ERIC Number: EJ1176495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Comparison of Subjective and Objective Measures of Hearing, Auditory Processing, and Cognition among Older Adults with and without Mild Cognitive Impairment
Fausto, Bernadette A.; Badana, Adrian N. S.; Arnold, Michelle L.; Lister, Jennifer J.; Edwards, Jerri D.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v61 n4 p945-956 Apr 2018
Purpose: The aims of the study were to compare the Cognitive Self-Report Questionnaire (CSRQ; Spina, Ruff, & Mahncke, 2006) Hearing and Cognitive subscale ratings among older adults with and without probable mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to examine whether self-report, as measured by the CSRQ, is associated with objective measures of hearing, auditory processing, and cognition. Method: Data analyses included 97 older adults of ages 61-91 years. Participants completed the CSRQ self-report measure as well as a battery of objective measures, including pure-tone audiometry, degraded speech understanding, temporal processing, and memory. Results: Older adults with probable MCI rated their cognitive abilities more poorly than those without MCI (p = 0.002), but ratings of hearing and auditory abilities did not differ between the two groups (p = 0.912). Age and CSRQ Hearing subscale ratings explained a significant proportion of variance in objective measures of hearing and degraded speech understanding (R[superscript 2] = 0.39, p < 0.001). Age, sex, mental status, and CSRQ Cognition subscale ratings explained a significant proportion of variance in objective memory performance (R[superscript 2] = 0.55, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Taken together, these results suggest that the CSRQ is an appropriate self-report measure of hearing, cognition, and some aspects of auditory processing for older adults with and without probable MCI.
Descriptors: Older Adults, Auditory Tests, Cognitive Tests, Measurement Techniques, Objective Tests, Cognitive Ability, Auditory Perception, Age Differences, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A