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ERIC Number: EJ1176321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
A National Analysis of School-Based Agricultural Education Involvement, Graduation, STEM Achievement, and Income
McKim, Aaron J.; Velez, Jonathan J.; Sorensen, Tyson J.
Journal of Agricultural Education, v59 n1 p70-85 2018
The progression of research on school-based agricultural education (SBAE) has been limited, in part, due to a lack of nationwide, student data detailing the effectiveness of SBAE. Using an ecological systems perspective, the relationships between SBAE enrollment; graduation rates; postsecondary science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) achievement; and income were explored using data from a nation-wide, longitudinal study conducted from 2002 to 2012. Results indicate SBAE students were more likely to be male, white, and have a lower socioeconomic status than students not enrolled in SBAE. With regard to graduation rates, SBAE enrollment was a statistically significant, positive predictor of high school graduation. In fact, students enrolled in SBAE were 1.16 times more likely to graduate high school than students not enrolled in SBAE. In the analysis of STEM achievement, SBAE enrollment was a statistically significant, negative predictor of postsecondary science, math, and overall STEM GPA. With regard to income, each additional Carnegie unit of SBAE was related to $1,850.67 more annual income for high school graduates and $457.40 more annual income for postsecondary graduates. Findings are discussed in relation to the ecological systems theory, with an emphasis on recommendations for research and practice.
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, STEM Education, Science Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Income, High School Graduates, Educational Attainment, Graduation Rate, Correlation, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, Public Schools, Enrollment Trends, Longitudinal Studies, High School Students, Student Surveys, Statistical Analysis, Postsecondary Education, Grade Point Average, Predictor Variables
American Association for Agricultural Education. P.O. Box 7607, Department of Agricultural and Extension Education, Raleigh, NC 27695. Web site: http://www.aaaeonline.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A