ERIC Number: EJ1176313
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Using Noncontingent Reinforcement to Reduce Perseverative Speech and Increase Engagement during Social Skills Instruction
Noel, Christina R.; Rubow, Christopher C.
Education and Treatment of Children, v41 n2 p157-168 2018
Noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) is an effective technique for reducing a variety of behaviors in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however, prior researchers have not investigated the effects of NCR to reduce perseverative speech in children with ASD in naturalistic educational contexts. The current investigation evaluated the effects of NCR on perseverative speech and engagement for a 7-year-old boy diagnosed with ASD. After conducting functional behavior assessment (FBA), we determined the student's perseverative speech was maintained by attention. Using an A-B-A-B design, a teacher provided NCR to the student during group social skills training. Noncontingent reinforcement effectively reduced the student's perseverative speech and increased his engagement with social skills training. Results expand on prior literature by demonstrating NCR can be an effective behavior-reduction procedure for attention-maintained perseverative speech that occurs in naturalistic educational contexts; additionally, results indicated NCR increased appropriate academic behavior while simultaneously reducing inappropriate behavior.
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Teaching Methods, Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Speech Communication, Educational Environment, Males, Functional Behavioral Assessment, After School Programs, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Program Descriptions, Observation, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A