ERIC Number: EJ1176048
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of Shame in the Development and Maintenance of Psychological Distress in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Narrative Review and Synthesis
Clapton, Neil E.; Williams, Jonathan; Jones, Robert S. P.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v31 n3 p343-359 May 2018
Background: The role of shame in the development and maintenance of psychological distress in adults with mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities has been relatively under-researched. This study provides a review of diverse current research that has implicitly or explicitly investigated shame processes in this population in some form. Methods: A narrative review of the literature was undertaken. An electronic search of four databases identified 17 studies that met the eligibility criteria. Results: Findings indicate that individuals with mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities may experience difficulties with both external and internal shame, which appear to be related to increased psychological distress. Experiences of being shamed may significantly negatively impact on self-to-self and other self-relating, processes of social comparison, subsequent self-worth and emotional well-being. Conclusion: Shame may be a contributory factor in the development and maintenance of psychological distress and subsequent mental health issues in some adults with mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities.
Descriptors: Psychological Characteristics, Developmental Psychology, Stress Variables, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Synthesis, Mild Intellectual Disability, Moderate Intellectual Disability, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
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