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ERIC Number: EJ1175782
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1305-578X
Refusal Strategies and Perceptions of Social Factors for Refusing: Empirical Insights from Turkish Learners of English
Satiç, Canan Önal; Çiftçi, Hatime
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, v14 n1 p11-27 2018
This study aims to examine refusal strategies of Turkish learners of English and explore their perceptions of social factors that are influential in their strategy use. The study was conducted at a private university in the west of Turkey, and eighty Turkish L2 learners enrolled at an English language preparatory program participated in the study. The data were obtained through an enhanced DCT, retrospective verbal reports, and interviews. The enhanced DCT included four situations where refusals were elicited through email invitations and requests. The results demonstrated that explanation/reason/excuse was the most frequently used semantic formula. The results also showed that the distribution of refusals to email invitations and requests differ in quantity, and that Turkish learners of English employed a lot more strategies when the initiating act was invitation. Additionally, Turkish learners of English were found to use indirect strategies more than direct strategies and adjuncts. Finally, the perception data revealed four general themes regarding the social factors that affect Turkish learners of English? refusal responses, and these are namely type and degree of relationship, content and purpose of the situation, emotions and expectations, and finally sociocultural understanding and practices.
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies. Hacettepe Universitesi, Egitim Fakultesi B Blok, Yabanci Diller Egitimi Bolumu, Ingiliz Dili Egitimi Anabilim Dali, Ankara 06800, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A