NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1175498
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2153-4799
Bilingualism in Education in the Multilingual Apple: The Future of the Past
García, Ofelia
Journal of Multilingual Education Research, v1 n1 Article 5 p13-34 Spr 2010
This article traces the ways in which New York City schools have responded to the multilingualism of its children in the last forty years. I review here the past to construct the future--the future of the past. I argue that in the predominantly Puerto Rican community of the 1960s and 1970s a simple approach toward languages and bilingualism in education was an appropriate response to meet the needs of language minority children. Thus, subtractive and additive bilingual education programs might have been sufficient. However, in the 21st century, with the demographic shifts and the technological advances of a globalized world, other understandings of bilingualism in education need to be constructed. I advance here another two models of bilingualism--recursive and dynamic--that are more appropriate for the 21st century and discuss how this might be accomplished in schools in New York City.
New York State Association for Bilingual Education. 726 Broadway 5th Floor, New York, NY 10003. Tel: 718-817-5875; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A