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ERIC Number: EJ1175475
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1436-4522
How Competition in a Game-Based Science Learning Environment Influences Students' Learning Achievement, Flow Experience, and Learning Behavioral Patterns
Chen, Ching-Huei; Liu, Jun-Han; Shou, Wen-Chuan
Educational Technology & Society, v21 n2 p164-176 2018
Although educational games have become prevalent in recent research, only a limited number of studies have considered learners' learning behaviors while playing a science problem-solving game. Introducing a competitive element to game-based learning is promising; however, research has produced ambiguous results, indicating that more studies should investigate its pros and cons of competition. A total of 57 seventh-grade students participated in the study and were assigned to two conditions: competition or non-competition. Results revealed that students in the non-competition condition performed significantly better on the learning achievement test than those in the competition condition. With regard to the flow experience, no significant differences were found between the two conditions. The results of learning behavioral analyses revealed that, while both conditions resulted in students acquiring through means-ends strategies, students in the non-competition condition tended to read the instructions carefully and repeatedly sought additional supports to help themselves advance their conceptual understanding. These findings, when examined in light of previous research, call into question other types of competition in promoting engagement and supporting learning.
International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. Available from: National Sun Yat-sen University. Department of Information Management, 70, Lien-Hai Rd, Kaohsiung, 80424, Taiwan. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A