ERIC Number: EJ1175474
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
A Comparative Analysis of Family Adaptability and Cohesion Ratings among Traumatized Urban Youth
Bellantuono, Alessandro; Saigh, Philip A.; Durham, Katherine; Dekis, Constance; Hackler, Dusty; McGuire, Leah A.; Yasik, Anastasia E.; Halamandaris, Phill V.; Oberfield, Richard A.
School Psychology Quarterly, v33 n1 p21-29 Mar 2018
Objective: Given the need to identify psychological risk factors among traumatized youth, this study examined the family functioning of traumatized youth with or without PTSD and a nonclinical sample. Method: The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, second edition (FACES II; Olson, Portner, & Bell, 1982), scores of youth with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n = 29) were compared with the scores of trauma-exposed youth without PTSD (n = 48) and a nontraumatized comparison group (n = 44). Child diagnostic interviews determined that all participants were free of major comorbid disorders. Results: The FACES II scores of the participants with PTSD were not significantly different from the scores of trauma-exposed youth without PTSD and the nontraumatized comparison group. FACES II scores were also not significantly different between the trauma-exposed youth without PTSD and the nontraumatized comparison group. Conclusions: PTSD and trauma-exposure without PTSD were not associated with variations in the perception of family functioning as measured by the FACES II. Impact and Implications: This study compared self-reported family adaptability and cohesion ratings of youth with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), trauma-exposed youth without PTSD, and a nontraumatized comparison group. Youth with additional disorders that could confound the outcomes were excluded. The family adaptability and cohesion ratings did not significantly differ across groups. The findings suggest that the perception of family functioning may not be related to PTSD status among youth without additional disorders who have similar trauma histories and demographic characteristics.
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, At Risk Persons, Trauma, Youth, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Interviews, Scores, Family Environment, Family Influence, Family Relationship, Measures (Individuals), Social Influences, Individual Characteristics, Socioeconomic Status, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Family Adaptability Cohesion Evaluation Scales
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A