NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1175455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1045-3830
At What Cost? Examining the Cost Effectiveness of a Universal Social-Emotional Learning Program
Hunter, Leah J.; DiPerna, James C.; Hart, Susan Crandall; Crowley, Max
School Psychology Quarterly, v33 n1 p147-154 Mar 2018
Although implementation of universal social-emotional learning programs is becoming more common in schools, few studies have examined the cost-effectiveness of such programs. As such, the purpose of this article is two fold. First, we provide an overview of cost-effectiveness methods for school-based programs, and second, we share results of a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of a universal social-emotional learning (SEL) program, the Social Skills Improvement System-Classwide Intervention Program (SSIS-CIP; Elliott & Gresham, 2007). Specifically, we compared the cost-effectiveness of SSIS-CIP implementation across first- and second-grade classrooms, and results indicated that second grade is the more cost-effective option for implementing the SSIS-CIP. Several considerations are discussed regarding cost-effectiveness analysis of universal SEL programs as well as the importance of using CEA results to inform programming decisions. Impact and Implications: In an era of limited resources, schools must be concerned not only with a program's effectiveness but also the costs necessary to obtain those effects. Results from a cost-effectiveness analysis of one universal social-emotional learning (SEL) program, the Social Skills Improvement System-Classwide Intervention Program, show that implementation in second grade was more cost-effective than implementation in first grade. School psychologists, administrators, and policymakers can benefit from using results of cost-effectiveness analyses to optimize available resources for SEL programs in schools.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Center for Education Research (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A090438; R305B090007