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ERIC Number: EJ1175311
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
What about the Girls? Sex-Based Differences in Autistic Traits and Adaptive Skills
Ratto, Allison B.; Kenworthy, Lauren; Yerys, Benjamin E.; Bascom, Julia; Wieckowski, Andrea Trubanova; White, Susan W.; Wallace, Gregory L.; Pugliese, Cara; Schultz, Robert T.; Ollendick, Thomas H.; Scarpa, Angela; Seese, Sydney; Register-Brown, Kelly; Martin, Alex; Anthony, Laura Gutermuth
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v48 n5 p1698-1711 May 2018
There is growing evidence of a camouflaging effect among females with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly among those without intellectual disability, which may affect performance on gold-standard diagnostic measures. This study utilized an age- and IQ-matched sample of school-aged youth (n = 228) diagnosed with ASD to assess sex differences on the ADOS and ADI-R, parent-reported autistic traits, and adaptive skills. Although females and males were rated similarly on gold-standard diagnostic measures overall, females with higher IQs were less likely to meet criteria on the ADI-R. Females were also found to be significantly more impaired on parent reported autistic traits and adaptive skills. Overall, the findings suggest that some autistic females may be missed by current diagnostic procedures.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Grant or Contract Numbers: P30HD040677; R03HD081070