ERIC Number: EJ1175300
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Parents Model Gestures Differently When Children's Gestures Differ?
Özçaliskan, Seyda; Adamson, Lauren B.; Dimitrova, Nevena; Baumann, Stephanie
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v48 n5 p1492-1507 May 2018
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or with Down syndrome (DS) show diagnosis-specific differences from typically developing (TD) children in gesture production. We asked whether these differences reflect the differences in parental gesture input. Our systematic observations of 23 children with ASD and 23 with DS (M[subscript ages] = 2;6)--compared to 23 TD children (M[subscript age] = 1;6) similar in expressive vocabulary--showed that across groups children and parents produced similar "types" of gestures and gesture-speech combinations. However, only children--but "not" their parents--showed diagnosis-specific variability in how often they produced each type of gesture and gesture-speech combination. These findings suggest that, even though parents model gestures similarly, the amount with which children produce each type largely reflects diagnosis-specific abilities.
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Modeling (Psychology), Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Down Syndrome, Parent Influence, Observation, Comparative Analysis, Expressive Language
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF), Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (BCS); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1251337; R01HD035612