ERIC Number: EJ1175242
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Mitigating Illusory Results through Preregistration in Education
Gehlbach, Hunter; Robinson, Carly D.
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, v11 n2 p296-315 2018
Like performance-enhancing drugs inflating apparent athletic achievements, several common social science practices contribute to the production of illusory results. In this article, we examine the processes that lead to illusory findings and describe their consequences. We borrow from an approach used increasingly by other disciplines--the norm of preregistering studies. Specifically, we examine how this practice of publicly posting documentation of one's prespecified hypotheses and other key decisions of a study prior to study implementation or data analysis could improve scientific integrity within education. In an attempt to develop initial guidelines to facilitate preregistrations in education, we discuss the types of studies that ought to be preregistered and the logistics of how educational researchers might execute preregistrations. We conclude with ideas for how researchers, reviewers, and the field of education more broadly might speed the adoption of this new norm.
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research Methodology, Research Reports, Hypothesis Testing, Research Design, Adoption (Ideas), Educational Practices
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A