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ERIC Number: EJ1175035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Apr
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1694-609X
Orientation and Mobility Training in Special Education Curriculum for Social Adjustment Problems of Visually Impaired Children in Pakistan
Malik, Shazia; Abd Manaf, Umi Kalthom; Ahmad, Nor Aniza; Ismail, Maimunah
International Journal of Instruction, v11 n2 p185-202 Apr 2018
The study is aimed at investigating the impact of orientation and mobility (O&M) training as a part of the special education curriculum on the social adjustment of visually impaired children. The population consisted of visually impaired children between the ages of (5-15), studying at different special education institutes in Pakistan was the assessable population for the study. A sample of 125 male and female visually impaired children from public and private special education institutes of Islamabad, Pakistan were conveniently selected as a sample of the study. The study used two sub-dimensions of social adjustment, namely Self-Personality and Pro-social behavior, to be explored in terms of their relationship with orientation and mobility training. The results showed a significant relationship between O&M training and social adjustment of children in terms of personality well-being and social interaction while with the others. The variables were found to be correlated with each other. The results were in line with most of the previous research studies. The novelty of the study lies in selection of cultural context of Pakistan, which is a developing country and to date international standard trainings and social care is not provided to the visually impaired at large.
International Journal of Instruction. Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Education, Eskisehir, 26480, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A