ERIC Number: EJ1174970
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
What Can Errors Tell Us about Differences between Monolingual and Bilingual Vocabulary Learning?
International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, v21 n4 p389-404 2018
Error patterns in vocabulary learning data were used as a window into the mechanisms that underlie vocabulary learning performance in bilinguals vs. monolinguals. English--Spanish bilinguals (n = 18) and English-speaking monolinguals (n = 18) were taught novel vocabulary items in association with English translations. At testing, participants produced English translations for the newly learned words. Findings revealed broad learning advantages in the bilingual data. Moreover, bilinguals made proportionately more deep (within-category) semantic errors than monolinguals when tested immediately after learning. We interpret these data to suggest that bilingual learners may encode the information associated with the novel words to a deeper semantic level than monolinguals.
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Error Patterns, Spanish, English, Semantics, Language Tests, Language Processing, Cognitive Processes, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Translation, Statistical Analysis, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin (Madison)
Grant or Contract Numbers: R03DC010465; R01DC011750