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ERIC Number: EJ1174455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2374-1473
Generic vs. Modality-Specific Competencies for K-12 Online and Blended Teaching
Pulham, Emily B.; Graham, Charles R.; Short, Cecil R.
Journal of Online Learning Research, v4 n1 p33-52 2018
Although research has explored teacher competencies in K-12 blended and online learning, it has not specified which competencies are appropriate to an online or digital medium, which refer to blending in-person with online experiences, or which are generic--applicable in any teaching modality. This article explores selected K-12 online and blended teaching competency documents to determine which specific modalities (online, in-person, blended, or generic) the competencies address. Many competencies are still categorized as generic, and not specific enough to denote a particular context. The authors give recommendations for pre-service teacher education and indicate needs for further research in K-12 online and blended teaching.
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A