ERIC Number: EJ1174332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
The Severity of State Truancy Policies and Chronic Absenteeism
Conry, Jillian M.; Richards, Meredith P.
Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, v23 n1-2 p187-203 2018
Since the Common School era, states have maintained truancy laws to ensure that students attend school. However, we know little about the severity of these laws and their relationship to student outcomes, particularly absenteeism. In this study, we survey state education statutes to document the severity of truancy policies. We estimate the relationship between these truancy policies and rates of chronic absenteeism via multilevel models using data on all U.S. public schools from the Office of Civil Rights. We find that most students live in states where they may be referred to legal authorities for levels of absenteeism below federal standards. We find little evidence that states with truancy policies have lower chronic absenteeism after adjusting for demographic and other characteristics. However, while non-White high-school students are overrepresented among chronic absences overall, they have rates of chronic absenteeism comparable to their White peers in states with less severe truancy policies.
Descriptors: Truancy, State Policy, Attendance, School Law, Educational Legislation, Public Schools, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, State Legislation, Disproportionate Representation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States