NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1174060
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-3831
Development of School Achievement in the Nordic Countries during Half a Century
Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Blömeke, Sigrid
Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, v62 n3 p386-406 2018
The aim is to describe the development of achievement in compulsory school in the Nordic countries from the 1960s. The study relies on published results concerning literacy and numeracy from the international large-scale assessments between 1964 and 2012. Among others, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) for most countries, a small but consistent increase in the level of achievement was observed from the mid-1970s to around 1990 for both literacy and numeracy; (2) Finland improved literacy performance dramatically between the mid-1980s and the mid-1990s, which is hypothesized to be associated with the introduction of part-time special education; (3) for all countries performance declined from the late-1990s/early-2000s, which is hypothesized to be due to different factors in different countries.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; Sweden; Denmark; Norway
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study; Progress in International Reading Literacy Study; Program for International Student Assessment
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A