ERIC Number: EJ1173881
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Disabilities and Degrees: Identifying Health Impairments That Predict Lower Chances of College Enrollment and Graduation in a Nationally Representative Sample
Rosenbaum, Janet E.
Community College Review, v46 n2 p145-175 Apr 2018
Objective: Colleges have increased postsecondary educational access for youth, including individuals with disabilities, but completion rates remain low. This study tests the hypothesis that health conditions that reduce social integration predict lower educational attainment among college students. Method: The sample from the nationally representative Add Health (National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health) data (1995, 2001, 2008) comprised respondents in 2001 whose highest degree was a high school diploma (n = 9,909), focusing on subsamples of students enrolled in 2-year colleges and 4-year colleges (n = 1,494; n = 2,721). For each of 57 health conditions in 2001, the relative risk of earning certificate, associate's degree, or bachelor's degree in 2008 was estimated, controlling for precollege factors, including high school grades, test scores, parents' household income, and full-time enrollment. Results: Health conditions associated with social stigma predicted lower educational attainment among 2-year college students including stuttering, being overweight, and health that restricts engaging in vigorous sports. A broader range of health conditions predicted lower educational attainment among 4-year college students, including restrictions on climbing one and several flights of stairs and walking one and several blocks. Contributions: Stigmatized health conditions may disproportionately reduce educational attainment by impacting students' social integration in 2-year colleges. Improved awareness may reduce the impact of unconscious stigma. Until 4-year colleges improve accommodations, students may benefit by earning credentials at 2-year colleges before transferring to 4-year institutions.
Descriptors: Disabilities, Physical Disabilities, Hearing Impairments, Visual Impairments, Physical Mobility, Diseases, Mental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Probability, College Students, Enrollment, Graduation, Health Conditions, Educational Attainment, Hypothesis Testing, Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies, Educational Certificates, Associate Degrees, Bachelors Degrees, Social Bias, Stuttering, Obesity, Social Integration, Case Studies, High School Graduates, Admission (School), Multivariate Analysis, Community Colleges, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRL0941014; R24HD041041