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ERIC Number: EJ1173192
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0279-6015
What Makes a Defender? A Multilevel Study of Individual Correlates and Classroom Norms in Explaining Defending Behaviors
Lucas-Molina, Beatriz; Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo; Pérez-Albéniz, Alicia
School Psychology Review, v47 n1 p34-44 2018
This study examines the interplay between individual characteristics (social status, provictim attitudes, and family messages about conflict resolution) and classroom descriptive and injunctive norms (peer victimization behaviors and bullying-related beliefs, respectively) in explaining defending behavior. For this purpose, we used a representative sample of 2,050 Spanish primary school children (50.80% girls) from grades 3-6 (M = 9.80 years; SD = 1.24), nested within 103 classrooms in 27 schools. Multilevel modeling analyses showed that both individual and class characteristics helped to explain defending behavior. In addition, random slopes revealed that children with a high social status were more likely to support victims in classrooms where bullying was less accepted. These results expand previous findings in this field, demonstrating the need for a multilevel and interactive approach to the study of defending behavior.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain; Spain (Madrid)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A