ERIC Number: EJ1173175
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Students' Understanding and Perceptions of Assigned Team Roles in a Classroom Laboratory Environment
Ott, Laura E.; Kephart, Kerrie; Stolle-McAllister, Kathleen; LaCourse, William R.
Journal of College Science Teaching, v47 n4 p83-91 Mar 2018
Using a cooperative learning framework in a quantitative reasoning laboratory course, students were assigned to static teams of four in which they adopted roles that rotated regularly. The roles included: team leader, protocol manager, data recorder, and researcher. Using a mixed-methods approach, we investigated students' perceptions of the team roles and specifically addressed students' understanding of the roles, students' beliefs in their ability to enact the roles, and whether working with assigned team roles supported the teams to work effectively and cohesively. Although students expressed confidence in their understanding of the team roles, their understanding differed from the initial descriptions. This suggests that students' understanding of team roles may be influenced by a variety of factors, including their experiences within their teams. Students also reported that some roles appeared to lack a purpose, implying that for roles to be successful, they must have a clear purpose. Finally, the fact that many students reported ignoring the team roles suggests that students do not perceive roles as a requirement for team productivity and cohesion. On the basis of these findings, we provide recommendations for instructors wishing to establish a classroom group laboratory environment.
Descriptors: Science Laboratories, Science Instruction, Teamwork, Cooperative Learning, Student Role, Mixed Methods Research, Student Attitudes, Group Dynamics, Knowledge Level, Student Experience, College Students, College Science, Focus Groups, Student Surveys, Likert Scales, STEM Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Sponsor: National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH//DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 8TL4GM118989; 8UL1GM118988; 8RL5GM118987