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ERIC Number: EJ1172889
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
STEPS to a Healthier Heart: Improving Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Knowledge among African American Women
Brown, Cynthia Williams; Alexander, Dayna S.; Cummins, Kayla; Price, Amanda Alise; Anderson-Booker, Marian
American Journal of Health Education, v49 n2 p57-65 2018
Background: African American women have the highest risk of death from heart disease among all racial, ethnic, and gender groups due to sedentary behaviors. Purpose: This article describes an intervention among 2 groups--a program group and an information group (intervention and comparison)--that assessed cardiovascular risk factor knowledge among African American women. Methods: The Coronary Heart Disease Knowledge Test was administered to participants prior to study participation. Participants (N = 345) aged 34-66 self-selected into either the intervention group (n = 166) or the comparison group (n = 179). Repeated-measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were performed to assess participant characteristics and determine whether changes occurred in participants' knowledge. Results: Data analysis indicated no significant differences between the groups regarding knowledge; however, significant differences appeared between pre- and posttest scores over time. The 3-way repeated-measures ANOVA indicated differences based on education. Discussion: Results suggest that intervention duration should be longer to ensure that participants understand cardiovascular risk factors. Future research could assess African American women's current cardiovascular preventative practices and add a qualitative component to provide context on knowledge and actions. Translation to Health Education Practice: Results confirm the need for culturally tailored, gender-specific programming to help close awareness and knowledge gaps.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina (Winston Salem)
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1I0CMS3309000201