ERIC Number: EJ1172751
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Stereotype Threat Effects on Learning from a Cognitively Demanding Mathematics Lesson
Lyons, Emily McLaughlin; Simms, Nina; Begolli, Kreshnik N.; Richland, Lindsey E.
Cognitive Science, v42 n2 p678-690 Mar 2018
Stereotype threat--a situational context in which individuals are concerned about confirming a negative stereotype--is often shown to impact test performance, with one hypothesized mechanism being that cognitive resources are temporarily co-opted by intrusive thoughts and worries, leading individuals to underperform despite high content knowledge and ability (see Schmader & Beilock, 2012). We test here whether stereotype threat may also impact initial student learning and knowledge formation when experienced prior to instruction. Predominantly African American fifth-grade students provided either their race or the date before a videotaped, conceptually demanding mathematics lesson. Students who gave their race retained less learning over time, enjoyed the lesson less, reported a diminished desire to learn more, and were less likely to choose to engage in an optional math activity. The detrimental impact was greatest among students with high baseline cognitive resources. While stereotype threat has been well documented to harm test performance, the finding that effects extend to initial learning suggests that stereotype threat's contribution to achievement gaps may be greatly underestimated.
Descriptors: Stereotypes, African American Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Mathematics Instruction, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Racial Identification, Retention (Psychology), Learner Engagement, Achievement Gap, Difficulty Level
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A170488