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ERIC Number: EJ1172663
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0957-1736
Advanced FL Learners Explaining Their Writing Choices: Epistemic Attitude as an Indicator of Problem-Solving and Strategic Knowledge in the On-Line Revision Process
Mutta, Maarit; Johansson, Marjut
Language Learning Journal, v46 n2 p146-158 2018
Verbal protocols are usually used to study cognitive processes involved in various activities, as it is argued that they could make implicit processes of thinking visible and thus reportable. Here, it is proposed that verbalisations can also be approached from another angle, namely as a discourse that contains linguistic markers of writers' revision activity. This small-scale study explores advanced foreign language (FL) writers' choices during an on-line revision activity in a test environment. The starting point is the writers' focus on certain phases in this activity that are signalled by the Finnish cognitive verbs meaning "to think," combined with the linguistic marking of epistemic attitude during the revision processes. In these revision contexts, the writers explained how they solved problems related to their previously written texts. They revised problematic linguistic forms and functions both at the micro and macro levels on the basis of their strategic knowledge. The analysis showed that two types of revision activity were signalled by the epistemic attitude: change and pause in the process. Furthermore, contrary to a previous research study, the writers often appeared to focus on meaning-based problems related to lexical choices, which, however, were accompanied by hesitation and doubt regarding the correct choice. Moreover, the advanced writers showed strategic knowledge during the revision process, as they used several strategies that were occasionally accompanied by implicit reasoning for decision-making.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A