NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1172510
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1088-8691
Direct and Indirect Experiences with Heterosexism: How Slurs Impact All Students
Norris, Alyssa L.; McGuire, Jenifer K.; Stolz, Cheryl
Applied Developmental Science, v22 n2 p154-167 2018
Students targeted by homophobic discrimination are at risk for poor academic outcomes, yet few studies have examined how witnessing discrimination affects students. This study examined the impact of direct and indirect experiences of heterosexism on feelings of safety, belongingness, and connectedness among a sample of 1,702 students at a public university in the Western United States. Sexual minority students were more likely to be a target of and witness to discrimination, and they reported significantly lower levels of safety and belongingness. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that witnessing discriminatory acts contributed significantly to lower levels of safety, belongingness, and connectedness among heterosexual students, even after accounting for personal experiences with discrimination. For sexual minority students, witnessing discrimination was not associated with school outcomes, but hearing peers intervene against slurs was associated with increased belongingness. Perceptions of the campus climate were robustly associated with student outcomes, regardless of sexual orientation.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A