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ERIC Number: EJ1172115
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1467-7687
From Prioritizing Objects to Prioritizing Cues: A Developmental Shift for Cognitive Control
Chevalier, Nicolas; Dauvier, Bruno; Blaye, Agnès
Developmental Science, v21 n2 Mar 2018
Emerging cognitive control supports increasingly adaptive behaviors and predicts life success, while low cognitive control is a major risk factor during childhood. It is therefore essential to understand how it develops. The present study provides evidence for an age-related shift in the type of information that children prioritize in their environment, from objects that can be directly acted upon to cues signaling how to act. Specifically, gaze patterns recorded while 3- to 12-year-olds and adults engaged in a cognitive control task showed that whereas younger children fixated on targets that they needed to respond to before gazing at task cues signaling how to respond, older children and adults showed the opposite pattern (which yielded better performance). This shift in information prioritization has important conceptual implications, suggesting that a major force behind cognitive control development may be non-executive in nature, as well as opening new directions for interventions. In the cued task-switching paradigm, preschoolers fixated at target before fixating at the cue, whereas older children and adults looked at the cue before the target. Gaze patterns suggest a shift in the type of information that children prioritize in the environment, from objects that can be acted upon to cues signalling how to act efficiently.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A