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ERIC Number: EJ1171473
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
The Successful Test Taker: Exploring Test-Taking Behavior Profiles through Cluster Analysis
Stenlund, Tova; Lyrén, Per-Erik; Eklöf, Hanna
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v33 n2 p403-417 Apr 2018
To be successful in a high-stakes testing situation is desirable for any test taker. It has been found that, beside content knowledge, test-taking behavior, such as risk-taking strategies, motivation, and test anxiety, is important for test performance. The purposes of the present study were to identify and group test takers with similar patterns of test-taking behavior and to explore how these groups differ in terms of background characteristics and test performance in a high-stakes achievement test context. A sample of the Swedish Scholastic Assessment Test test takers (N = 1891) completed a questionnaire measuring their motivation, test anxiety, and risk-taking behavior during the test, as well as background characteristics. A two-step cluster analysis revealed three clusters of test takers with significantly different test-taking behavior profiles: a "moderate" (n = 741), a "calm risk taker" (n = 637), and a "test anxious" risk averse (n = 513) profile. Group difference analyses showed that the "calm risk taker" profile (i.e., a high degree of risk-taking together with relatively low levels of test anxiety and motivation during the test) was the most successful profile from a test performance perspective, while the "test anxious risk averse" profile (i.e., a low degree of risk-taking together with high levels of test anxiety and motivation) was the least successful. Informing prospective test takers about these insights can potentially lead to more valid interpretations and inferences based on the test scores.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A