ERIC Number: EJ1171400
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
The Emergence of Effortful Control in Young Boys with Fragile X Syndrome
Robinson, Marissa; Klusek, Jessica; Poe, Michele D.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Roberts, Jane E.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v123 n2 p89-102 Mar 2018
Effortful control, or the ability to suppress a dominant response to perform a subdominant response, is an early-emerging temperament trait that is linked with positive social-emotional development. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a single-gene disorder characterized by hallmark regulatory impairments, suggesting diminished effortful control. This study compared the development of effortful control in preschool boys with FXS (n = 97) and typical development (n = 32). Unlike their typical peers, the boys with FXS did not exhibit growth in effortful control over time, which could not be accounted for by adaptive impairments, FMR1 molecular measures, or autism symptoms. These results contribute to our understanding of the childhood phenotype of FXS that may be linked to the poor social-emotional outcomes seen in this group.
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Congenital Impairments, Intellectual Disability, Males, Self Control, Comparative Analysis, Preschool Children, Child Development, Social Development, Emotional Development, Personality
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://www.aaiddjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED); National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: H324C010007; 5F32DC013934; 5R01MH090194; 5R01HD40602; 5R01HD024356