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ERIC Number: EJ1171208
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0125-2488
The Role of Frequency on the Acquisition of L2 English Infinitive and Gerund Complements by L1 Thai Learners
Keawchaum, Raksina; Pongpairoj, Nattama
PASAA: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand, v54 p29-57 Jul-Dec 2017
This study investigated how frequency influenced acquisition of L2 English infinitive and gerund complements among L1 Thai learners. Participants were separated into low and high proficiency groups based on their CU-TEP scores. Each group consisted of 30 participants. Data were collected using the Word Selection Task (WST) and the Grammaticality Judgement Test (GJT). Initial findings revealed that L1 Thai learners acquired infinitive complements before gerund complements. This could probably be explained by the usage-based theory, specifically, the concept of type frequency. It was assumed that learners acquired infinitive complements first because they were considered a high type frequency construction, and gerund complements later because they were considered a low type frequency construction. It was assumed that the high type frequency construction was easier for L2 learners to acquire because they were exposed more often to this construction type. Further investigation revealed that the frequency of verbs occurring in the target complement constructions probably contributed to the learners' low-level constructional schemas (i.e. the abstract representations of constructions which are lexically specific) and their language use.
Chulalongkorn University Language Institute. Prem Purachatra Building, Chulalongkom University, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. Tel: +66-2-218-6092; Fax: +66-2-218-6104; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A