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ERIC Number: EJ1170968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1093-023X
Online Interactions and Social Presence in Online Learning
Lee, Sang Joon; Huang, Kun
Journal of Interactive Learning Research, v29 n1 p113-128 Jan 2018
The community of inquiry framework identified three essential elements of cognitive, social, and teaching presences for a successful online learning experience. Among them, social presence is key for developing personal relationships and enhancing collaboration and critical discourse in online courses. This study examined whether providing more time and opportunities for interactions would increase social presence in an online course, and whether social presence would be related to learning outcomes. The findings showed that providing more interaction opportunities during a regular 16-week semester helped students develop higher social presence, group cohesion in particular, in an online course than that in an intensive 5-week online course. However, there was no relationship between social presence and learning outcomes.
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A