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ERIC Number: EJ1170669
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1837-6290
Motivation of Students for Learning English in Rwandan Schools
Takahashi, Tomoharu
Issues in Educational Research, v28 n1 p168-186 2018
Since Rwanda decided that from 2009 English will be the sole medium of instruction from upper level primary school onwards, motivation for learning English has become an especially important issue. Therefore this study investigated motivation for Rwandan primary and secondary school students to learn English. The study was carried out in Nyagatare and Huye districts in October 2015, with participation by 1,237 school students (314 primary, 475 lower secondary and 448 upper secondary), administered a questionnaire containing 34 items on motivation. Factor analysis identified five types underlying motivation: unwillingness-based, intrinsic, anxiety-based, future-oriented, and praise-oriented. Results show that students in Rwanda overall rely mostly on praiseoriented motivation, followed by intrinsic, future-oriented, anxiety-based, and unwillingness-based motivation. Intrinsic and praise-oriented forms of motivation increase with age, although unwillingness-based and future-oriented forms of motivation, both of which can be labelled as extrinsic motivation, decrease with age. The study indicates that praise is a potential explanatory variable for an increase in intrinsic motivation, whereas a decrease in extrinsic motivation can be attributed to high unwillingness-based motivation of primary school students.
Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Inc. 5/202 Coode Street, Como, Western Australia 6152, Australia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Rwanda
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A