ERIC Number: EJ1170396
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Principals' Leadership in Mexican Upper High Schools: The Paradoxes between Rules and Practices
Santizo Rodall, Claudia A.; Ortega Salazar, Sylvia B.
Educational Management Administration & Leadership, v46 n2 p301-317 Mar 2018
This article discusses the type of organization and leadership that underlies a competency-based management rule established in Mexico (2008) applicable to principals in public upper high schools. This rule, identified as the 449 Agreement, describes competencies and communicates expected behavior. Implementation, however, is mediated by the principals' interpretation, as found in the semi-structured interviews conducted with a group of selected acting principals. The analysis of this management rule is based on a theory of decision-making and a theory of organizations where different assumptions on peoples' behavior are made. We provide evidence to support the contention that each school principal acts according to its context, and that compliance with the Agreement is not facilitated by its rules design. We conclude that the rules design of the competency-based management model in question is dominated by a perspective of personal heroic leadership that assumes an omniscient and omnipresent manager and that also promotes a centralized management model for all schools. In future research, inquiry could focus on the question of whether "transformational leadership" based on motivation and "instructional leadership" based on guidance and coaching for teachers could also be nurtured by rules compatible with the pervasive normative leadership type.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Principals, Leadership Responsibility, Competence, Leadership Qualities, Public Schools, High Schools, Semi Structured Interviews, Administrator Attitudes, Standards, Decision Making, Administrator Behavior, Context Effect, Compliance (Psychology), Qualitative Research, Educational Policy, Transformational Leadership, Instructional Leadership
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A