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ERIC Number: EJ1170378
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Infant Statistical-Learning Ability Is Related to Real-Time Language Processing
Lany, Jill; Shoaib, Amber; Thompson, Abbie; Estes, Katharine Graf
Journal of Child Language, v45 n2 p368-391 Mar 2018
Infants are adept at learning statistical regularities in artificial language materials, suggesting that the ability to learn statistical structure may support language development. Indeed, infants who perform better on statistical learning tasks tend to be more advanced in parental reports of infants' language skills. Work with adults suggests that one way statistical learning ability affects language proficiency is by facilitating real-time language processing. Here we tested whether 15-month-olds' ability to learn sequential statistical structure in artificial language materials is related to their ability to encode and interpret native-language speech. Specifically, we tested their ability to learn sequential structure among syllables (Experiment 1) and words (Experiment 2), as well as their ability to encode familiar English words in sentences. The results suggest that infants' ability to learn sequential structure among syllables is related to their lexical-processing efficiency, providing continuity with findings from children and adults, though effects were modest.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: BCS1352443