ERIC Number: EJ1170055
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0957 7572
Modeling the Relation between Students' Implicit Beliefs about Their Abilities and Their Educational STEM Choices
van Aalderen-Smeets, Sandra I.; Walma van der Molen, Juliette H.
International Journal of Technology and Design Education, v28 n1 p1-27 Mar 2018
Despite the large body of research on students' educational and career choices in the field of technology, design, and science, we still lack a clear understanding of how to stimulate more students to opt for a study path or career within the STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics). In this article, we outline a new theoretical framework to describe how students' implicit belief about the malleability of their intelligence can be an important precursor of their STEM educational and career choice behavior. Based on the different bodies of literature about STEM choices and about students' implicit beliefs about their abilities, we present three hypothetical pathways, in the form of testable models, that describe potential relations between the implicit theories that students may hold regarding the malleability of their STEM ability and students' intentions to pursue a STEM career. Each pathway outlines a specific mediating factor influencing this relation: (a) self-efficacy beliefs, (b) stereotypical thinking, and (c) motivational beliefs. These pathways provide more insight into the underlying mechanisms that may affect STEM choice behavior. In our view, such a theoretical underpinning is a necessary prerequisite for further scientific investigation into the potential relations between students' implicit beliefs about their potential development, relevant psychological variables, and STEM choice behavior. Furthermore, we believe it provides a theoretical foundation for practical interventions that aim to stimulate STEM choice behavior.
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Beliefs, Academic Ability, STEM Education, School Choice, Career Choice, Self Efficacy, Stereotypes, Student Motivation, Educational Attitudes, Learning Theories, Models, Hypothesis Testing, Intelligence, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Academic Aptitude, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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