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ERIC Number: EJ1170052
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0068
Hechtius (1795-1798)--The Beginnings of Historical-Philosophical-Idiographic Research in Comparative Education
Lenhart, Volker
Comparative Education, v54 n1 p26-34 2018
From its very beginnings, we can discern two methodological approaches to comparative education; one broadly historical-philosophical-idiographic and another broadly empirical-positivist-nomothetic. Friedrich August Hecht's 1795-1798 "De re scholastica Anglica cum Germanica comparata" ("English and German school education compared"), with its hermeneutic textbook analysis, represents an idiographic methodology. Whilst the 1816/1817 data-driven research programme of Marc-Antoine Jullien--usually considered the origin of comparative education--represents an empirical-positivist-nomothetic approach. In this essay, we will examine the theoretical orientations of Hecht's study--his ideas of transnationality and national character, and his avoidance of the proposal of borrowing and lending. We situate the beginnings of Hecht's methodology in its social-historical context and analyse the transfer of interpretation methods from philology to comparative education. Finally, we will postulate a combination of Jullien's and Hecht's methodological approaches.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A