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ERIC Number: EJ1170047
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0068
The Nazi Seizure of the "International Education Review": A Dark Episode in the Early Professional Development of Comparative Education
Epstein, Erwin H.
Comparative Education, v54 n1 p49-61 2018
It was not until the 1930s that comparative education, with the initiation of dedicated courses and programmes at universities in various countries, that the field became internationally recognised in its own right. And, it was not until the 1930s that the first internationally recognised journal in the field, the "International Education Review," was founded by Friedrich Schneider of Germany. The journal's launch happened to be concurrent with the rise of Hitler. Once Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in 1933, he initiated his purge of Jews and liberal democratic elements in the universities, and this action was felt soon afterwards by the "IER." After overcoming early financial difficulties, the "IER" developed promisingly until 1934, when the Nazi ideologue, Alfred Bäumler, replaced Schneider shortly before Schneider was dismissed from his positions at the Academy of Pedagogics in Bonn and the University of Cologne. Bäumler's philosophy was one of virulent anti-Semitism and focused on the critical role to be played by the Aryan race in the Nazi master plan. This article is an account of how, in the mid-1930s, this same Nazi racist took charge of the "International Education Review," which at that time was the most important international forum in comparative education.
Taylor & Francis. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A