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ERIC Number: EJ1170003
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4308
Uncovering Young Children's Motivational Beliefs about Learning Science
Oppermann, Elisa; Brunner, Martin; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Anders, Yvonne
Journal of Research in Science Teaching, v55 n3 p399-421 Mar 2018
Young children, ages 5-6 years, develop first beliefs about science and themselves as science learners, and these beliefs are considered important precursors of children's future motivation to pursue science. Yet, due to a lack of adequate measures, little is known about young children's motivational beliefs about learning science. The present two-part study explores the motivational beliefs of young children using a new measure--the Young Children's Science Motivation (Y-CSM) scale. Initial measurement development involved a thorough literature review of existing measures, and an extensive piloting phase until a final instrument was reached. To establish scale reliability, measurement invariance as well construct and criterion validity, the final instrument was administered to a new sample of 277 young children, age 5-6 years, in northern Germany. Results reveal that children's motivational beliefs can be empirically differentiated into their self-confidence and enjoyment in science at this young age. Older children were more motivated in science, but no significant gender differences were found. Importantly, children in preschools with a science focus reported significantly higher science motivation. This finding stresses the importance of early science education for the development of children's motivational beliefs science.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A