ERIC Number: EJ1169985
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Afterschool School Triathlon Training for 11- to 14-Year Old Girls: Influences on Academic Motivation and Achievement
Gatz, Jennifer; Kelly, Angela M.
Health Education Journal, v77 n2 p156-168 Mar 2018
Objective: This study evaluated the effect of a Transformation through Triathlon after school programme in promoting health status, academic motivation and socioemotional development in at-risk girls aged 11-14 years attending middle school in the USA. Design: A phenomenological approach was employed with elements of grounded theory to analyse data from focus group interviews for insights into programmatic outcomes. Setting: Participants (N = 29) were invited to participate in the 20-week after school triathlon training and health promotion programme, and some volunteered for interviews. They were selected based on school personnel characterising them as at-risk for low self-esteem, a sedentary lifestyle, and/or classification as overweight. The programme combined empowerment lessons, nutrition and health science education twice per week from mid-March until June 2014, and after-school activities such as triathlon-specific training and group fitness classes three times per week through until July, with a culminating youth sprint triathlon (300-yard swim, 7-mile bike ride, and 1.5-mile run). Method: Focus groups of five to six girls were convened immediately after programme completion, and again 12 weeks later. A semi-structured interview protocol was developed with questions regarding individual goals, perceptions of programme structure and setting, and programmatic effects related to academics and motivation. Results: Qualitative analysis revealed that confidence, interest, and self-determination motivational constructs positively influenced goal setting, strategies, health, fitness, motivation, and academic achievement. Conclusion: Intervention participants learned to self-regulate their learning and set goals that promoted fitness, academic achievement, better attitudes, and resilience. After school community and family inclusive programmes with a structured fitness component increase confidence, self-determination and academic achievement though social support structures.
Descriptors: After School Programs, After School Education, Athletics, Physical Education, Influences, Learning Motivation, Academic Achievement, Transformative Learning, Middle School Students, Females, Physical Fitness, Self Determination, Self Efficacy, Phenomenology, Grounded Theory, Semi Structured Interviews, Focus Groups, Qualitative Research, At Risk Students, Life Style
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A