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ERIC Number: EJ1169859
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1367-0050
Degree of Bilingualism Modifies Executive Control in Hispanic Children in the USA
Thomas-Sunesson, Danielle; Hakuta, Kenji; Bialystok, Ellen
International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, v21 n2 p197-206 2018
Past studies examining the cognitive function of bilingual school-aged children have pointed to enhancements in areas of executive control relative to age-matched monolingual children. The majority of these studies has tested children from a middle-class background and compared performance of bilinguals as a discrete group against monolinguals. The objective of the present study was to determine if cognitive enhancement from bilingualism is sensitive to the child's degree of bilingualism in a sample of eight- and nine-year old Spanish-English bilingual children of low socioeconomic status. The results showed that the more balanced the children were in their language skills, the better they performed on non-verbal tasks of cognitive function. These results support an additive view of bilingualism, where more balanced proficiency in two languages is associated with more enhanced cognitive function, regardless of socioeconomic background.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Raven Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01HD052523